Non Extraction Orthodontics
For a considerable time there have been two opinions within orthodontics. One primarily advocating an extraction approach-"there are too many teeth for your jaw, so lets take teeth out to create space". The other being "your teeth are crowded because the jaw has not grown to its full potential-lets try to develop your jaw so all your teeth can fit". In the UK over the last few decades, the former camp has been the popular view, although this is now changing.
80% of jaw growth is completed by 10 years of age and whilst we all have a predetermined genetic potential, other factors play a significant role including breathing habits, lip and tongue position, thumb sucking and other comforters, breast feeding and diet. The early loss of deciduous (baby) teeth due to decay and infection is also significant.
When treating any malocclusion, it is important to diagnose the cause and base a plan of treatment on this.
We believe that most cases of overcrowding are a symptom of an underdeveloped jaw. If the jaw is given the opportunity to grow, space is created to fit all the teeth, eliminating the need to extract healthy teeth.
Simple orthodontic/orthopaedic braces have the ability to do this primarily in two ways-either applying pressure to the jaws or removing pressure by protecting the jaws/teeth from muscle pressure.eg Frankel appliance
If on the other hand the overcrowding is due to early loss of baby teeth, we try to prevent forward movement of second permanent teeth with a space maintainer appliance. If overcrowding has occurred, we try to move these teeth back to regain lost space.
At Ashton Dental we try our best not to remove healthy teeth and in only around 10% of cases do we do so.
We use many different appliances with a full range of functional orthopaedic braces, removable 'invisible' braces and fixed ceramic Damon braces.